Who Was Francisco Franco? The Blackshirts’ Leader In Italy The Republican Leader In Spain The Fascist Dictator Of Spain Mussolini’s Successor In Italy (2023)

1. Francisco Franco | Biography, Nickname, Beliefs, & Facts

  • Missing: blackshirts' republican

  • Francisco Franco, general and leader of the Nationalist forces that overthrew the Spanish democratic republic in the Spanish Civil War (1936–39); thereafter he was the head of the government of Spain until 1973 and head of state until his death in 1975. Learn more about Franco in this article.

2. Francisco Franco - Spanish Civil War, Dictatorship, Regime | Britannica

  • Missing: blackshirts' republican

  • Francisco Franco - Spanish Civil War, Dictatorship, Regime: Although Franco had visions of restoring Spanish grandeur after the Civil War, in reality he was the leader of an exhausted country still divided internally and impoverished by a long and costly war. The stability of his government was made more precarious by the outbreak of World War II only five months later. Despite his sympathy for the Axis powers’ “New Order,” Franco at first declared Spanish neutrality in the conflict. His policy changed after the fall of France in June 1940, when he approached the German leader Hitler; Franco indicated his willingness to bring Spain into the war on

3. [PDF] Chapter 23 – The Rise of Fascism and Totalitarian States

  • After World War II, hostile world opinion labeled him the “last surviving fascist dictator” and Spain remained largely isolated by the world community. Although ...

4. The Spanish Cockpit, 1936–1937 - Oxford Academic

  • The involvement of Germany and Italy was the proof that Franco had made a bargain with the Fascist ... Ultimately, the appeasement of the Fascist dictators ...

  • Abstract. This chapter focuses on the years 1936–1937, when the struggle in ‘the Spanish cockpit’ led to the Spanish Civil War that was precipitated by the assa


  • Española de las JONS (fascist monarchy, led by José Antonio Primo de Rivera, son of dictator ... established a military dictatorship in Spain led by General ...

6. Fascism | Encyclopedia.com

  • ... dictatorship of the Fascist party under the leadership of Mussolini. As ... Mussolini, fascist dictator of Italy from 1922 to 1943, first used the term ...


7. [PDF] fascism in europe between pan- europeanism and ultra - Perspectivia

  • tuals also expressed their admiration for the Fascist dictatorship. As the ... the Republican government tied the leaders of Fascist Italy and Nazi. Germany ...

8. Fascism in Spain, Franco's Dictatorship, and Picasso's ...

  • Missing: blackshirts' republican successor

  • When General Francisco Franco sought to impose fascist rule on Spain, the country’s democratic leaders fought back, and a bloody civil war ensued, won by Franco. An iconic tragedy of the war was Germany’s saturation bombing of Guernica, immortalized by Picasso’s powerful anti-war painting.

9. [PDF] An Examination of the Figure of José Antonio Primo de Rivera within the ...

  • Apr 27, 2018 · volume was on 'charismatised' dictators, rather than leaders of fascist ... “Aristocracy, Fascism, and the Franco Dictatorship (1931-1945).

10. [PDF] Fascist Europe, 1918-1939 263

  • Despite Fascism's less than totalitarian power, Italy still operated under a one-party dictatorship. The ruling Fascists structured their party in a hierarchy ...

11. Stalinism, Fascism, and the Origins of the Second World War - OpenALG

  • Fifthly, it was anti-democratic. By 1926 there was only one political party in Italy- the Fascist. Italy was a one-party dictatorship. Fascism was Imperialistic ...

  • Providing free and open textbooks in accessible, highlightable, responsive, and annotatable formats.

12. War Time after Time timeline - Timetoast

  • The Fascist dictator ruled the country from 31 October 1922 to 25 July 1943. The government was composed by members from National Fascist Party, Italian ...

  • Jul 29, 1883

13. [PDF] Hitler And Spain: The Nazi Role in the Spanish Civil War, 1936-1939

  • dictator in Spain was emulating Italian Fascism. The decision of the Duce ... Franco decrees Labor Charter modeled after Italy's Fascist system. Hitler ...

14. [PDF] ED462785.pdf - ERIC - Department of Education

  • Fascist dictators; (8) buildup and events of World War II; (9) the Cold War ... became the leader of the Fascist Party in Italy. a. Hitler b. Franco c ...

15. Fascism's return to Italy? The meaning of the Fratelli d'Italia

  • Apr 8, 2023 · ... Mussolini's fascist dictatorship. Both Meloni and her party do ... Italian ruling class and the fascist leadership to oust Mussolini in a palace ...

  • The victory of the Fratelli d’Italia (Brothers of Italy) in the Italian general election held in September 2022, where it emerged as the biggest party, poses sharp questions.1 The overall vote for the right-wing electoral coalition—composed of the Fratelli, Matteo… Continue Reading →

16. Italy's Fascist Heirs: The Brothers of Italy under Giorgia Meloni

  • Nov 7, 2022 · Republican Fascist Party (1943–1945), the party at the ... “Holiday with Mussolini: Dictator's Granddaughter Turns Tour Guide for Italian Fascism ...

  • Ellen Rivera on the historical roots of the new Italian government under Giorgia Meloni

17. [PDF] Reineck - The Fledgling Führers.pdf

  • First, it surveys the broad debate over fascism to understand why the British Union of Fascists and the German American Bund qualify as fascist movements.


What is Francisco Franco known for? ›

Francisco Franco was a general and the leader of the Nationalist forces that overthrew the Spanish democratic republic in the Spanish Civil War (1936–39); thereafter he was the head of the government of Spain until 1973 and the head of state until his death in 1975.

Who was the leader of Italy during WW2? ›

Mussolini, Benito - WW2 Dictator, Fascism, Italy | Britannica.

Who is the father of fascism? ›

Fascism arose in Europe after World War I when many people yearned for national unity and strong leadership. In Italy, Benito Mussolini used his charisma to establish a powerful fascist state. Benito Mussolini coined the term “fascism” in 1919 to describe his political movement.

What was Mussolini known for? ›

Benito Mussolini was an Italian nationalist and the founder of Italian Fascism. He ruled Italy from 1922–1925 as Prime Minister, and from 1925–1943 as il Duce, the Fascist dictator. Mussolini's Fascist takeover of Italy was an inspiration and example for Adolf Hitler and the Nazi Party in Germany.

When did fascism end in Spain? ›

Francoist Spain (Spanish: España franquista), or the Francoist dictatorship (dictadura franquista), was the period of Spanish history between 1939 and 1975, when Francisco Franco ruled Spain after the Spanish Civil War with the title Caudillo. After his death in 1975, Spain transitioned into a democracy.

What was the purpose of Francisco Franco in the Spanish Civil War? ›

Franco and the Spanish Civil War

Franco's role was to fly to Morocco and begin transporting troops to the mainland. He also made contacts with Nazi Germany and Fascist Italy, securing arms and other assistance that would continue throughout the duration of what became known as the Spanish Civil War (1936-39).

Why did fascism fail in Italy? ›

The final collapse of fascism, though set off when Mussolini's frightened lieutenants threw him overboard, was brought about by allied military victories plus the open rebellion of the people. Among the latter the strikes of industrial workers in Nazi-controlled northern Italy led the way.

Who took over Italy after Mussolini? ›

His Majesty the King and Emperor has accepted the resignation from office of the Head of Government, Prime Minister, and Secretary of State His Excellency il Cavaliere Benito Mussolini, and has named as Head of Government, Prime Minister, and Secretary of State the Marshal of Italy, Sir Pietro Badoglio.

What was the cause of fascism in Italy? ›

Italian fascism was rooted in ultranationalism, Italian nationalism, national syndicalism, revolutionary nationalism, and the desire to restore and expand Italian territories, which Italian Fascists deemed necessary for a nation to assert its superiority and strength and to avoid succumbing to decay.

Who was the main leader of fascism? ›

Benito Mussolini

Rise to power: In 1919, Mussolini, or Il Duce (“the leader”), created Italy's Fascist Party. In 1922, the Italian king appointed Mussolini prime minister after a mass fascist demonstration known as the March on Rome, which provoked fears of civil war if Mussolini were denied power.

What's another word for fascism? ›

On this page you'll find 19 synonyms, antonyms, and words related to fascism, such as: dictatorship, nazism, right-wing dictatorship, totalitarianism, absolutism, and authoritarianism.

When did fascism in Italy start? ›

In 1919, Mussolini created the Fasci Italiani di Combattimento, (Italian Combat Squads), the precursor to his Fascist Party. This group engaged in violence against Socialists and other enemies. In 1921, he founded the Fascist Party, turning his paramilitary movement into a formal political party.

What happened to Italy after ww2? ›

Much like Japan and Germany, the aftermath of World War II left Italy with a destroyed economy, a divided society, and anger against the monarchy for its endorsement of the Fascist regime for the previous twenty years. These frustrations contributed to a revival of the Italian republican movement.

What brought Mussolini to power? ›

In 1922 Mussolini led a coalition of fascist leaders to Rome and forced the king to yield the government. Mussolini was appointed prime minister. By 1925 he had dismantled Italy's democratic government and, acting as a dictator, declared himself Il Duce ("The Leader").

What led to the rise of fascism? ›

Fascism arose during the 1920s and '30s partly out of fear of the rising power of the working classes; it differed from contemporary communism (as practiced under Joseph Stalin) by its protection of business and landowning elites and its preservation of class systems.

Why is Francisco Franco remembered? ›

During the start of the Cold War, Franco lifted Spain out of its mid-20th century economic depression through technocratic and economically liberal policies, presiding over a period of accelerated growth known as the "Spanish miracle".

What did Francisco Franco create? ›

He went on to create the first stable dictatorship in Spain's history, surviving World War II and remaining in power until he died of natural causes in 1975, having defeated all comers for nearly four decades.

What is the famous quote of Francisco Franco? ›

I am responsible only to God and history. One appreciates as always the lofty vision and the good sense of the Führer.


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